Health

What is Coronary Artery Disease?

At its core, Coronary Artery Disease occurs when the plaque build-up within the blood arteries increases beyond a safe limit. It causes the arteries to become too narrow for the optimum blood flow, leading to Coronary Artery Disease. Coronary arteries are tiny and thin and are the minute extensions of arteries.

These carry the oxygenated blood to the heart for it to work correctly. But if these become narrow due to excessive plague, restricting the flow of oxygenated blood, sufficient oxygen might not reach the heart. That causes it to beat faster and stress out even during the regular physical activity.

You can visit the best heart surgery hospital in Bangalore if any of these signs appear.  If you want more details, then the following information might be able to help you in this regard.

Causes of Coronary Artery Disease

The leading cause is the injury of the coronary artery’s inner walls prevailing not due to shock but due to the excessive cholesterol deposits. This excessive build-up is known as atherosclerosis and is the initiating factor in prolonged heart diseases or fear of a heart attack. 

Other causes of Coronary Artery Disease might include:

  • Excessive smoking (Tobacco oriented)
  • High blood pressure/Hypertension
  • Excessive Cholesterol build-up in blood vessels
  • Disturbed Sugar levels
  • Having a physically inactive lifestyle

Due to the injury led by the cholesterol dump among the lining of the artery, platelets would try to cure the infection, causing a clump, which leads to a sudden heart stroke.

Associated symptoms of Coronary Artery Disease

As illustrated earlier, if the coronary artery starts getting narrower due to the Cholesterol sticking along the lining, then it can’t provide the heart with enough oxygenated blood. And the symptoms for all of it might vary depending on the stage that you currently are in:

  • Chest pain or Angina is among the first symptoms that you start to develop dealing with this disease. You might start feeling tight around your chest and some weight bulging you down. It originates due to excessive physical or emotional stress. The pain might arise from the center or left side of the chest. Pain might go away as soon as you stop exerting yourself physically or try to calm down.
  • Shortness of breath is another associated factor with this disease. Due to low oxygenated blood reaching the heart, physical exerting is out of the question. But if you continue to do so, then you will meet with shortness of breath.
  •  If the situation escalates beyond means, eventually, it will be met with a heart attack. Almost the whole artery would be blocked for blood flow, resulting in no oxygenated blood reaching the heart, causing a heart attack.
  •  Sweating is another common symptom associated with this disease and happens when you engage yourself in moderate to strenuous physical activity.

Risk Factors that can lead to CAD

There are various risk factors regarding CAD, and some of them are as follows;

  • If you are getting older, then the rate of artery deterioration increases, leading to CAD.
  • Gender- Men are more likely to contract this disease than women
  • Family history- if someone in your family suffers or suffered from this, then there is a chance that you will too.
  • Smoking- smoking increase the rate of artery deterioration
  • High blood pressure- Hypertension gives rise to CAD.
  • Diabetes- if you have diabetes and are obese, then you are more likely to contract CAD along the way.
  • Unhealthy diet- a diet rich in cholesterol and lipid uptake makes the situation even worse.

Treatment of CAD

There are various treatment lines here as; first, your condition needs to be correctly diagnosed using ECG, nuclear, and exercise stress tests, and a few other clinical evaluations.

As far as the pharmaceutical treatment is concerned, there are various drugs that you can take as prescribed by your doctor. These are Cholesterol modifying medication that targets LDL (Bad Cholesterol), Aspirin that thins the blood, Beta-blockers that slow heart rate and reduce the risk of future attacks and, Nitroglycerin that will help in the remedial of chest pains.

Surgery for CAD

Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is the best surgical procedure in line for dealing with coronary heart disease. It diverts blood flow from the blocked/plagued arteries to the normal ones so the heart can have access to oxygenated blood at all times. The best heart surgery hospital in Bangalore is the option when it comes to heart surgeries.

Prevention

The fundamental problem is your lifestyle; as soon as you can change it, you will be back on track;

  • Let go of smoking
  • Control your stats such as sugar, blood pressure, and high cholesterol levels
  • Remain physically active
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Try to cut off stress from your life.

Parting thoughts

It is essential to control your vital stats and take part in everyday physical activities. As far as the diagnosis is concerned, seek help from your medical advisor as soon as you feel the initial symptoms of CAD prevailing. Having an active lifestyle can help you to get your life back on track.

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