Diabetes is a condition that has no specific treatment. Therefore, routine changes in the diet, as well as lifestyle, can reverse certain complications that it can cause. Diabetes is a chronic condition in which your body either does not allow your pancreas to produce or respond to the insulin hormone. It can be effectively managed when it is detected at an early stage. In this article know all details about Blood sugar level
In type 1 diabetes, your immune system destroys the beta cells in your body. It is a condition that is mainly diagnosed in children and young people, that’s why it is called juvenile diabetes whereas, type 2 diabetes is also known as adult-onset diabetes.
Blood sugar levels can either be normal, high, or low, depending upon the amount of glucose you have in your bloodstream. Conditions such as high blood sugar level, ie., hyperglycemia and low blood sugar level, that is, hypoglycemia are very dangerous.
They are a sign from your body that it is not getting enough insulin. It is normal for people with Type1 Diabetes to have hyperglycemia and generally, most of them are simply treated with insulin. In some cases, the body doesn’t have insulin for 8 hours, which can simply mean that a person may have developed a condition called “ diabetic ketoacidosis”. In this condition, your body breaks all the fat that you get from energy, because your body does not have enough insulin to use for the blood. This produces ‘ketone’, ketones make your body more acidic.
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High blood sugar level or Hyperglycemia is a condition in which the blood sugar level is greater than 125 mg/dl. It can cause serious conditions and therefore, you should regularly monitor your blood sugar level. High blood sugar levels can cause serious damage to your blood vessels which can increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Symptoms of high blood sugar levels include:
- Extreme thirst
- You feel trouble concentrating
- You may experience blurred vision
- Weight loss
- Frequent peeing
It is very important to treat and manage the above symptoms of hyperglycemia. For better treatment and care you should be aware of the causes of hyperglycemia.
Causes of hyperglycemia are:
- Skipped Insulin Dosage
- Physical inactivity
- Increased carb intake
If you are a diabetic and experiencing some early symptoms of hyperglycemia, the following changes are required in your daily routine in order to reduce the risk factors that hyperglycemia can cause.
DIET TO CONTROL HIGH BLOOD SUGAR LEVEL
Low carb veggies like mushroom, onion, eggplant, Brussel sprouts are the best choices to make. These low carbs help in managing the blood sugar level.
You should go beyond salad and try kale, chard, and spinach. Greens are high in protein and are mostly low carb which makes the dish extremely healthy.
Water plays a very vital role and helps keep the body hydrated, but water infused with fruits and vegetables adds not only taste but protein and vitamins to the drink. Fruits and vegetables when infused provide energy and vitality to the body.
Melon and berries
Melons and berries are a big yes to your diet plan, they are high in nutrients and fibre. Fiber-rich food always helps in managing the blood sugar level.
it helps in building and repairing muscles. Protein intake not only gives energy to your body but also strengthens your muscles.
Drinking water helps in reducing excess sugar from your body as it removes the sugar through urine and also, helps keep you hydrated.
EXERCISE FOR HYPERGLYCEMIA
Brisk walking helps in reducing stress, walking is a mild activity with major benefits. 30 days of regular brisk walking for five days will take you to the ultimate goal of moderate-intensity exercise.
High blood sugar level leads to nerve blockage, which is an extremely common complication for people with irregular blood sugar level. Tai chi helps in reducing stress and it also helps in curing nerve blockages.
Weight training is helpful as it helps in maintaining the muscles. It is very necessary as it also helps in relieving stress and reduces anxiety.
Say om! Just like tai chi, yoga also plays an essential role, yoga helps in reducing stress and also, helps in reducing the blood sugar level.
Bicycling helps is a good way of burning calories. It is also aerobic exercise, reduces the risk of obesity and high blood sugar level.
Low Blood Sugar or Hypoglycemia is a condition where the blood sugar level goes below 70 mg/ld. If your blood glucose level is lower than 70 mg/ld you may experience the following signs and symptoms:
- Pale skin
- Irregular or fast heartbeat.
As it gets worse, the symptoms may also include problems like seizure.
‘Hypoglycemia unawareness’ is a situation in which your body stops showing the symptoms of hypoglycemia. Due to this situation, the risk of severe life-threatening hypoglycemic conditions increases. The causes of hypoglycemia are
- Skipping meals,
- Taking too much insulin,
- Drinking alcohol
- Not eating enough
- Increased exercise
DIET FOR CONTROLLING LOW BLOOD SUGAR LEVEL
Granola bars help effectively in managing the low blood sugar level by boosting the sugar level. It helps in improving the energy level and increases the blood sugar level.
Dried or fresh fruit
Fruits like apples, apricot, and oranges help in boosting up blood sugar and also, are rich in fibre. Dry fruits like almonds, cashew nuts, and pistachios act as sugar-enhancing snacks.
Milk is enriched with protein and calcium. It helps in managing the blood sugar level. It provides you with sugar pronto, therefore, milk is a very good choice to make for managing the blood sugar level.
The whole grain helps in maintaining your blood sugar level.
Sugar-free peanut butter
Peanut butter is a great source of glucose to the body. It is the best choice for people who have started to feel the early symptoms of low blood sugar levels.
You should avoid sugar dips and try to have digestive carbohydrates to avoid the risk of losing consciousness. A high fibre diet is beneficial as it helps in managing your blood sugar level. It helps in reducing bad cholesterol; therefore, it reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
Hence, it is evident that high blood sugar levels and low blood sugar levels both are dangerous to health. Thus, maintaining healthy blood sugar is very important.
Normal blood sugar levels can also aid in reducing weight. It reduces the risk of insulin resistance and also, type 2 diabetes. It also reduces stress hormones.
A blood sugar level of less than 140 mg/dl is normal. People can use the following steps to keep their blood glucose within a healthy range:
Regular exercise helps your muscles use blood sugar for energy and strength. It helps in increasing insulin sensitivity. In addition, regular exercising is necessary to maintain a moderate weight. Therefore, regular exercise leads to lower blood sugar levels. Exercising helps in improving your mood and increases the level of good cholesterol.
Manage your carb intake
Too many carbs can result in high blood sugar levels. When you eat food, the body breaks down the carbs into sugar. Sugar or glucose helps in providing the body energy. Thus, you should know how to manage your carb intake.
Increase your fibre intake
Fibre helps in slowing down the carb digestion process and sugar absorption. A high fibre diet will help type 1 diabetes by improving the body’s ability to regulate blood sugar. Trying whole grain will help you manage type 1.
Water is the main source that helps you in keeping your blood sugar levels in control. Drinking water will help you in flushing out your kidney out the excess sugar through urine.
Choose food with the low glycemic index
Choosing low glycemic food like oats, yogurt, beans, and barley will be a smart choice to make. It will help you in maintaining a stable and healthy blood glucose level.
Manage stress level
Stress can affect your blood sugar level. Managing stress is really important, you can manage stress through relaxation methods and yoga.
If an individual notices any symptoms of either extremely low or extremely high blood glucose, they must seek medical attention.
Take good care of your health and manage your blood sugar levels!